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dr Firman Abdullah SpOG / OBGYN

dr Firman Abdullah SpOG / OBGYN

Thursday, April 23, 2009

Pregnant Women

Welcome to the CDC Toxoplasmosis site.
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Toxoplasmosis




Toxoplasmosis > Pregnant Women
Pregnant Women
When should I be concerned about toxoplasmosis?
How do I know if I have been infected with Toxoplasma?
How can Toxoplasma affect my unborn child?
How is toxoplasmosis spread?
Do I have to give up my cat if I'm pregnant or planning on becoming pregnant?
Is treatment available?
What are the best ways to protect myself or my unborn child against toxoplasmosis?
When should I be concerned about toxoplasmosis?
Generally if you have been infected with Toxoplasma before becoming pregnant your unborn child is protected by your immunity. Some experts suggest waiting for 6 months after a recent infection to become pregnant.

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How do I know if I have been infected with Toxoplasma?
Your health care provider may suggest a blood test to check for antibodies to Toxoplasma if you are pregnant.

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How can Toxoplasma affect my unborn child?
If you are newly infected with Toxoplasma while you are pregnant, or just before pregnancy, then you can pass the infection on to your baby. You may not have any symptoms from the infection. Most infected infants do not have symptoms at birth but can develop serious symptoms later in life, such as blindness or mental disability. Occasionally infected newborns have serious eye or brain damage at birth.

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How is toxoplasmosis spread?
Cats play an important role in the spread of toxoplasmosis. They become infected by eating infected rodents, birds, or other small animals. The parasite is then passed in the cat's feces. Kittens and cats can shed millions of parasites in their feces for as long as 3 weeks after infection. Mature cats are less likely to shed Toxoplasma. Cats and kittens prefer litter boxes, garden soils, and sand boxes for elimination, and you may be exposed unintentionally by touching your mouth after changing a litter box, or while gardening without gloves. Fruits and vegetables may have contact with contaminated with soil or water also, and you can be infected by eating fruits and vegetables if they are not cooked, washed, or peeled.

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Do I have to give up my cat if I'm pregnant or planning on becoming pregnant?
No. You should follow these helpful tips to reduce your risk of environmental exposure to Toxoplasma.

Avoid changing cat litter if possible. If no one else can perform the task, wear disposable gloves and wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water afterwards.
Change the litter box daily. The Toxoplasma parasite does not become infectious until 1 to 5 days after it is shed in a cat's feces.
Feed your cat commercial dry or canned food, not raw or undercooked meats.
Keep cats indoors.
Avoid stray cats, especially kittens. Do not get a new cat while you are pregnant.
Keep outdoor sandboxes covered.
Wear gloves when gardening and during contact with soil or sand because it might be contaminated with cat feces that contain Toxoplasma. Wash hands thoroughly after gardening or contact with soil or sand.
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Is treatment available?
If you are infected during pregnancy, medication is available. You and your baby should be closely monitored during your pregnancy and after your baby is born.

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What are the best ways to protect myself or my unborn child against toxoplasmosis?
Cat owners and women who are exposed to cats should follow the tips above regarding reducing expose to Toxoplasma.

You should also:

Cook food to safe temperatures. A food thermometer should be used to measure the internal temperature of cooked meat. Do not sample meat until it is cooked.
Beef, lamb, and veal roasts and steaks should be cooked to at least 145°F throughout.
Pork, ground meat, and wild game should be cooked to 160°F.
Whole poultry should be cooked to 180°F in the thigh.
Peel or wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly before eating.
Wash cutting boards, dishes, counters, utensils, and hands with hot soapy water after contact with raw meat, poultry, seafood, or unwashed fruits or vegetables.
Freeze meat for several days before cooking to greatly reduce the chance of infection.
Avoid drinking untreated water, particularly when traveling in less developed countries.
Much of this information is also available in our Toxoplasmosis: An Important Message for Women brochure.

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Page last modified: January 11, 2008
Page last reviewed: January 10, 2008
Content Source: Division of Parasitic Diseases (DPD)
National Center for Zoonotic, Vector-Borne, and Enteric Diseases (ZVED)
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ACHMAD MOCHTAR GENERAL HOSPITAL BUKITTINGGI

ACHMAD MOCHTAR GENERAL HOSPITAL BUKITTINGGI
RUMAH SAKIT ACHMAD MOCHTAR BUKITTINGGI

Firman Abdullah Bung

drFirman Abdullah SpOG / ObGyn

drFirman Abdullah SpOG / ObGyn

KELUARGA BESAR TNI-AD

Dr Firman Abdullah SpOG/ OBGYN, Bukittinggi, Sumatera Barat ,Indonesia

Dr Firman Abdullah SpOG/ OBGYN,                              Bukittinggi, Sumatera Barat ,Indonesia

Bukittinggi , Sumatera Barat , Indonesia

Bukittinggi , Sumatera Barat  , Indonesia
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dr Firman Abdullah SpOG / OBGYN

dr Firman Abdullah SpOG / OBGYN

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Brevet in Specialist Obstetric's & Gynecologist 1998

Brevet in Specialist Obstetric's & Gynecologist 1998
dr Firman Abdullah SpOG/ObGyn

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