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dr Firman Abdullah SpOG / OBGYN

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Thursday, November 19, 2009

Can Diet Prevent Alzheimer's Disease?


Experts are studying how diet may affect the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease. Learn the latest research into this memory-robbing disease.

Little in life is as scary as the idea of forgetting our loved ones, our histories, and ourselves. Yet that is exactly what is happening to the more than 5 million people in North America suffering fromAlzheimer’s disease.

Mild forgetfulness in the early years of the disease slowly expands to include serious problems with memory, language, and abstract reasoning until eventually this brain disorder robs its victims of the ability to function.

Despite extensive research, both cause and cure for Alzheimer’s disease remain elusive. Experts theorize that a complicated combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors result in cognitive decline, though they are still working on exactly how it happens and what can be done to prevent it.

One logical area of exploration is diet. While there have been no definitive breakthroughs yet, there are certain foods that are being carefully studied for their specific relationship to Alzheimer's.

Diet and Alzheimer’s Disease: Omega-3 Fatty Acids and B Vitamins

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“A few studies found a correlation between high dietary fish with omega-3 fatty acid intake and a decrease in developing Alzheimer’s,” says Tara Harwood, registered dietitian at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio. “However, more studies must be conducted before any conclusions can be drawn.”

High levels of homocysteine, an amino acid in the blood, have been associated with the risk of dementia. One avenue being examined is whether increasing intake of folate and vitamins B6 and B12, which break down homocysteine, can help prevent Alzheimer’s disease. “Neither vitamin B6 or B12 supplementation has been proven effective,” says Harwood, “but data from one study found a lower incidence of Alzheimer’s for individuals with the highest folate intake.”

Diet and Alzheimer’s Disease: Antioxidants

Another possible theory in the development of Alzheimer’s disease involves free radicals destroying the integrity of the body’s cells. These unstable molecules have the potential to cause cell aging and damage, which could be one piece of the Alzheimer’s puzzle.

“You can reduce your exposure to free radicals by limiting contact with the sun, environmental pollutants, and cigarette smoke,” says Harwood. “However, free radicals are a byproduct of metabolism, which occurs every minute of the day. Because it’s impossible to completely eliminate free radicals, [eating foods with] antioxidants, such as vitamin E, vitamin C, beta carotene, and flavonoids, can help.”

Foods high in antioxidants include berries, dark green and orange vegetables, nuts, and beans. Specifically, studies have shown rats and mice bred to develop Alzheimer’s disease had improved mental function after being fed blueberries, strawberries, and cranberries. Green tea is also high in antioxidants, and although it hasn’t been proven specifically to prevent Alzheimer’s, it has been shown that drinking five cups a day can reduce one’s risk of heart disease.

Diet and Alzheimer’s Disease: The Mediterranean Diet

A few recent studies conducted by researchers from the neurology department at Columbia University Medical Center in New York have looked at the possible preventive effects of the typical diet eaten by people in countries around the Mediterranean sea, such as Greece. The “Mediterranean diet” is primarily made up of fruits, vegetables, and beans, fish, olive oil, a moderate amount of wine, some dairy foods, and small amounts of meat and chicken. Though more study is needed, results point to a reduced risk of developing Alzheimer’s and lower mortality rate among those who contracted the disease.

Diet and Alzheimer’s Disease: Next Steps

While there is no definitive answer to the Alzheimer’s mystery, there are certainly clues to follow. “No changes in diet, dietary supplements, food additives, vitamins, nor alternative herbal medicines have ever been demonstrated to affect the risk for Alzheimer’s disease or the course of the disease in a well-designed clinical trial experiment,” says Randolph Schiffer, MD, director of the Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health in Cleveland. “With that said, most of us in the Alzheimer’s research field believe that people should adopt and continue healthy lifestyles, including diets low in saturated fats and high in antioxidants and B vitamins.”

Until more research is available, it makes sense to combine a good diet with physical and mental activity and social interaction. This approach just might help keep Alzheimer’s disease, as well as other illnesses, at bay.

Last Updated: 08/04/2009
This section created and produced exclusively by the editorial staff of EverydayHealth.com. © 2009 EverydayHealth.com; all rights reserved.

Articles in the Benefits of Healthy Eating:

Wednesday, November 18, 2009

An ADHD Primer

An ADHD Primer

ADHD, also known as attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, affects adults as well as children. It tends to run in families, and it's not caused by eating too much sugar.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), also commonly known as attention deficit disorder (ADD), is one of the most common mental illnesses found in children. ADHD is a brain disorder that causes behavioral problems such as a distractibility, excessive energy, disorganization, and forgetfulness. Until recently, doctors thought that ADHD/ADD affected only children, but now know that more than half of youngsters with ADHD remain affected into adulthood.

ADHD/ADD: A New Name

Commonly called ADHD or ADD, this condition was officially renamed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with the publication of the most recent diagnostic guidelines used by the American Psychiatric Association.

“These guidelines divide ADHD into three subtypes,” says Andrew Hertz, MD, assistant clinical professor of pediatrics at Case Western Reserve Medical School in Cleveland, Ohio, and medical director of Suburban Pediatrics in Shaker Heights. “The distinctions are very helpful because all the different the symptoms of ADHD are no longer lumped under a single heading. The pediatrician can choose among the most successful treatments for that particular subtype.”

The subtypes are:

  • Predominantly inattentive subtype. A child or adult with this type of ADHD finds it hard to remain focused, stay organized, and finish tasks. This problem was sometimes called ADD, which is now considered an obsolete term.
  • Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type. Those with this form of ADHD are hyperactive (highly energetic, often too much so), restless, and impulsive.
  • Combined type. Someone who has both inattentive and hyperactive symptoms falls into this category.

ADHD: Statistics

Estimates vary, but according to the National Institute of Mental Health between 3 and 5 percent of American children, about two million, have ADHD. This means there is probably at least one child with ADHD in any given classroom.

While there hasn’t been a great deal of research into adult ADHD, studies show that about 4 percent of adults in the United States have ADHD — and many are unaware they have it.

ADHD: Causes

“There is no one cause of ADHD,” says Dr. Hertz. “We know that ADHD runs in families. In fact, as many as 25 percent of relatives of a child with ADHD may also have ADHD.”

According to other research, additional potential causes of ADHD include:

  • Environmental agents, such as the use of cigarettes and alcohol during pregnancy
  • Premature birth
  • Having had a serious head injury at a young age.

“High levels of lead are also thought to be a cause of ADHD, although this problem has decreased with the modern-day use of lead-free paint,” Hertz says. “But if a child lives in an old building where there is still lead in the plumbing or lead paint on the walls, their risk is increased.”

ADHD: What About Sugar?

“Although many parents seem to think that sugar is related to the development of ADHD, there are no studies to date that prove this,” says Hertz.

Whether you have ADHD yourself or are a parent, teacher, or friend of someone with the disorder, keep in mind that more is understood about the condition than ever before andeffective therapy exists.

Return to Child ADHD Resource Center

Last Updated: 03/10/2009
This section created and produced exclusively by the editorial staff of EverydayHealth.com. © 2009 EverydayHealth.com; all rights reserved.
Click here to find out more!

Adult ADHD Resource Center

Are you an adult with ADHD? Find out how adult ADHD is diagnosed; plus, get tips on achieving personal and professional success with ADHD.

ACHMAD MOCHTAR GENERAL HOSPITAL BUKITTINGGI

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drFirman Abdullah SpOG / ObGyn

drFirman Abdullah SpOG / ObGyn

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Dr Firman Abdullah SpOG/ OBGYN, Bukittinggi, Sumatera Barat ,Indonesia

Dr Firman Abdullah SpOG/ OBGYN,                              Bukittinggi, Sumatera Barat ,Indonesia

Bukittinggi , Sumatera Barat , Indonesia

Bukittinggi , Sumatera Barat  , Indonesia
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dr Firman Abdullah SpOG / OBGYN

dr Firman Abdullah SpOG / OBGYN

Ngarai Sianok ,Bukittinggi, Sumatera Barat.Indonesia

Ngarai Sianok ,Bukittinggi, Sumatera Barat.Indonesia

Brevet in Specialist Obstetric's & Gynecologist 1998

Brevet in Specialist Obstetric's & Gynecologist 1998
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Dokter Spesialis Kebidanan dan Penyakit Kandungan . ( Obstetric's and Gynaecologist ) . Jl.Bahder Johan no.227,Depan pasar pagi ,Tembok .Bukittinggi 26124 ,HP:0812 660 1614. West Sumatra,Indonesia

Sikuai Beach ,West Sumatra ,Indonesia

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