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dr Firman Abdullah SpOG / OBGYN

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Thursday, April 23, 2009

ACOG Issues Guidance on Treatment of Morning Sickness During Pregnancy

ACOG NEWS RELEASE
For Release: March 29, 2004
Contact: ACOG Office of Communications
(202) 484-3321
communications@acog.org


ACOG Issues Guidance on Treatment of Morning Sickness During Pregnancy


Washington, DC -- The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) today issued guidance to physicians for diagnosing and treating nausea and vomiting (or "morning sickness") in pregnancy. The new ACOG Practice Bulletin, "Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy," reviews the prevalence, risk factors, and clinical recommendations in treating morning sickness. While the cause of morning sickness remains unknown, today there are effective treatments to prevent and treat the problem.

Nausea and vomiting are common in early pregnancy, affecting 70–85% of pregnant women. Morning sickness typically begins within the first nine weeks of pregnancy, with symptoms ranging from mild to severe. Severe morning sickness (hyperemesis gravidarum) occurs in approximately 0.5–2% of pregnancies. It is the most common indication for hospitalization during early pregnancy and second only to preterm labor as the most common reason for hospitalization during pregnancy.

According to ACOG, some pregnant women have a higher risk of having hyperemesis gravidarum. They include women carrying multiple fetuses, daughters and sisters of women who had the condition, women carrying a female fetus, and women with a history of hyperemesis gravidarum in a previous pregnancy. Other risk factors include a history of motion sickness or migraines.

Some women do not seek treatment for morning sickness because of concerns about treatment safety. Yet, once symptoms progress, treatment can become more difficult. Mild cases may be resolved with lifestyle and dietary changes, and safe and effective treatments are available for more severe cases.

The following recommendations for the prevention and treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy are based on consistent scientific evidence:


Taking a multivitamin at the time of conception may decrease the severity of symptoms.
Taking Vitamin B6 or Vitamin B6 plus doxylamine (an antihistamine) is safe and effective and should be considered a first-line treatment.
The following recommendations are based on limited or inconsistent scientific evidence:


Ginger has shown beneficial effects and can be considered a nonpharmacologic option.
Antihistamine H1 receptor blockers, phenothiazines, and benzamines have been shown to be safe and effective in treating refractory cases.
Early treatment of symptoms is recommended to prevent progression to hyperemesis gravidarum.
Treatment with methylprednisolone (a steroid) may be effective in severe cases, but should be a treatment of last resort due to its potential risk to the fetus.
# # #

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists is the national medical organization representing over 46,000 members who provide health care for women.

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ACHMAD MOCHTAR GENERAL HOSPITAL BUKITTINGGI

ACHMAD MOCHTAR GENERAL HOSPITAL BUKITTINGGI
RUMAH SAKIT ACHMAD MOCHTAR BUKITTINGGI

Firman Abdullah Bung

drFirman Abdullah SpOG / ObGyn

drFirman Abdullah SpOG / ObGyn

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Dr Firman Abdullah SpOG/ OBGYN, Bukittinggi, Sumatera Barat ,Indonesia

Dr Firman Abdullah SpOG/ OBGYN,                              Bukittinggi, Sumatera Barat ,Indonesia

Bukittinggi , Sumatera Barat , Indonesia

Bukittinggi , Sumatera Barat  , Indonesia
Balaikota Bukittinggi

dr Firman Abdullah SpOG / OBGYN

dr Firman Abdullah SpOG / OBGYN

Ngarai Sianok ,Bukittinggi, Sumatera Barat.Indonesia

Ngarai Sianok ,Bukittinggi, Sumatera Barat.Indonesia

Brevet in Specialist Obstetric's & Gynecologist 1998

Brevet in Specialist Obstetric's & Gynecologist 1998
dr Firman Abdullah SpOG/ObGyn

Dokter Spesialis Kebidanan dan Penyakit Kandungan . ( Obstetric's and Gynaecologist ) . Jl.Bahder Johan no.227,Depan pasar pagi ,Tembok .Bukittinggi 26124 ,HP:0812 660 1614. West Sumatra,Indonesia

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